With the advancement of technology in the last decade, times have changed drastically and information revolution has spared no aspect of life. The learning theory is now technology driven. Legal education has been for all these years through traditional classroom teaching but many of the Universities are now moving to online lectures and webinars. Over the years, changes in the legal educational system, curriculum, and teaching methods have been slow and have not been in pace with the technological advancement. Our current and the next generation students who reach University or College are so techno-savvy, far more than us or other members of any older generation can likely fathom. Today’s digital kids think of information and communications technology as something akin to oxygen: they expect it, it is what they breathe, and it is how they live.
The development of technology has brought some profound changes to education. Students can now access libraries on their laptops and phones saving time and other resources but everything comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Though the challenges are quite a lot but one cannot dispute the high utility of computers in legal education and research but moving to an all digital environment would still take a lot of time. When a law students of the current generation enters a law school or a University, they find themselves in a fairly backward mode of instruction despite the fact that changes or advancement brought about in teaching is commendable. The foremost challenge that Universities or Colleges face these days is to meet the costs of legal education which is skyrocketing high.
Today, the scope of legal education is not confined to imparting knowledge alone but to prepare and train students to be policy planners, business advisors or negotiator of any interested group which may be a foreign company or a collaborator or cater the needs of an association looking to merge or amalgamate.
Legal education cannot be left in isolation as it is imperative not only to produce good lawyers but to create a responsible society as well a country. Thus, legal education must undergo transformation to reflect technology needs to meet current global needs. If technological advancement has cut down on jobs, which required people to do the same work manually, it has also created many opportunities for those who are tech-savvy.
Universities and law colleges in India need to focus on legal education as law is one of the popular career choices in our country in this modern digital world from a decade especially for those whose families have been into this profession for generations but this ideology is changing and others are opting for law because of the wide career option gates it opens. All you need to have is the passion to study law.
Earlier people just compartmentalized law into civil law and criminal law which has changed and there has been an immense rise in the specializations like IPR, Corporate Law, Business Law, International Economic Trade law etc. offered by Law Schools and Universities A degree in law not only lets you practice as a lawyer in the courts or work in an MNC but also opens up career options in sectors like corporate management, legal services, administrative services and armed forces. The diverse career options that a law degree offers is unmatched by any other professional degree. Law is a multi-disciplinary endeavour and it draws from other disciplines, for instance a criminal lawyer needs to have some understanding of human psychology and forensic science, and a corporate lawyer must have some understanding of commerce and capital.
Students interested in making a career in law can either do a three-year law course after graduation in any discipline or a 5 years integrated law (BA LL.B) after 12th class. Many Universities and law colleges in India have now introduced BBA LL.B and BSc LL.B as well. The LLB course is regulated by the Bar Council of India which sets rules and regulations regarding legal practice in the country and a higher degree in law id regulated by University Grant Commission (UGC). Higher degrees like LL.M and PhD in Law can help one pursue a career in academics or research.
A candidate can start preparing for the entrance exam either in Class XI or Class XII. Students aspiring to do law from National Law Schools have to appear for CLAT (Combined Law Admission Test) which basically tests them on their general english, legal aptitude, logical reasoning, general awareness and elementary mathematics.
There is a plethora of opportunities for a law graduate like practicing in the Courts, Judicial Services, UPSC, Armed Forces, Academics, NGOs, Legal Editor, Legal Journalist, Legal Advisor for MNCs, legal officers for Banks and Insurance Companies, Consultancies including big fours, Legal Process Outsourcing (LPO), Knowledge Process Outsourcing (KPO), Armed Forces (Judge Advocate General) etc. and the opportunities have only been increasing with the technological advancement.